Festival. In this great meeting we invited all lamngen / brothers who initiate us to a conversation to reflect on tensions and historical and contemporary challenges to contribute to the küme mongen / good living.
The sex-affective diversities have been wanted to be discussed from the own voice of the native peoples, a voice that is particular, but also collective, because whoever recognizes himself as indigenous knows that he is part of a history and a collective future. For this reason, for the Koyangtun Kimim Forum of the fifth version of Ficwallmapu we invited four lamngen to promote this conversation: Claudia Ancapán, Lucas Avendaño, Millaray Huentecura and Ange Valderrama Cayumán from Ficwallmapu.
Claudia Ancapán, is a transsexual lamngen who works in health, as a midwife. Many of us met her through the film she starred in called “Claudia touched by the moon” where her process of physical transformation towards her female sex is biographically traced. During the forum, she shared with us how she was always aware that she was a person who was going to be discriminated against, as he is a Mapuche and a transsexual. She also commented how her family nucleus, a Huilliche father and a Mapuche mother, both evangelicals, were the ones who protected her in her childhood and provided her with a containment space; Claudia comments that they learned this from the Mapuche people of which they are part.
Lucas Avendaño accompanied us from the original towns of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, in the territory that we know today as Mexico. The performance artist and anthropologist presented his gaze on what is “muxe”, what would muxeity be: a wide place to live for those who have been called the “third sex”, transgender indigenous people, homosexuals and other names, but who cannot contain the power of an identity that goes beyond modern schemes on the generic sex. “It is not” she is muxe” or “he is muxe”, it is muxe and period,” says Lucas. Wearing femininity and masculinity being part of a culture of which they are a part and that contribute to this construction.
Millaray Huentecura, a young educator, speaks to us from the Mapuche diaspora that inhabits the city of Santiago de Chile. She shares some thoughts around the need of giving this type of conversation on gender-sex diversity the everyday importance it deserves and make it a responsibility of the whole of society, not just those who are seen as diverse. She pointed out to us: “I wish we lived in a world where being lesbian, homosexual, transgender was not a big deal, but since there is violence and discrimination we must stand up and speak up.”
From the Festival team, Ange Valderrama Cayuman, facilitated this conversation and added her thoughts on the identities associated with affective sex diversities, but from the position of being part of an indigenous people. How the mapuche thinks about, how do we look in our kimün/ wisdom for ways to deal with the multiple forms of violence that we live as a people and that also exist within our communities and spaces. For example, around Mapuche people who are lesbians, homosexuals, transgender people or that we simply live a life different from the common one regarding our affections and sexualities. How do we all think within ourselves inside the Itrofill mongen in the struggle for Mapuche survival.